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Baruch de Spinoza

Nationality: Dutch
Profession: Philosopher, Author and Educator
From: November 24, 1632 To February 21, 1677
45 Years

AboutBaruch de Spinoza

Baruch de Spinoza was born on 24 November, 1632, to parents Miguel de Espinoza and Ana Debora in Amsterdam in Dutch Republic. Baruch was raised in a traditional Jewish setup. Spinoza’s Portuguese parents were among many Jews who were forcibly converted to Christianity but continued to practice Judaism in secret. After being arrested, tortured, and condemned by the inquisition in Portugal, they escaped in Amsterdam, here Spinoza’s father worked as a prosperous Portuguese Sephardic Jewish merchant. Spinoza’s mother passed away when he was only six years old. Spinoza's father, Miguel, died in 1654 when Spinoza was 21. Spinoza never married and has no more children. He was enrolled in the Keter Torah Yeshiva for his early education, and was also coached in languages, young Baruch gained expertise in many languages such as Portuguese, Hebrew, Spanish, French, Dutch and Latin. Baruch de was a brilliant student, and he showed desire to become a rabbi but due to the untimely death of his elder brother in 1650, at the age of 17 he had to give up his education and joined the family business. In 1653, he resumed his studies and began taking Latin classes from Frances van den Enden and began teaching in his school. Spinoza spent his remaining 21 years in writing and studying as a private scholar. During his time in Amsterdam, Spinoza wrote his Short Treatise on God, Man, and His Well-Being, which he never published in his lifetime. He also wrote many quotes one of them is given below, “The highest activity a human being can attain is learning for understanding, because to understand is to be free.” He died on 21 February, 1677 at the age of 44.

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