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Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn


Nationality: Russian
Profession: novelist, historian, short story writer
From: December 11, 1918 To August 3, 2008
Age: 90 Years

About Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn



AleksandrIsayevich Solzhenitsyn was born on 11th December 1918. He was a Russiannovelist, historian, and short story writer. He was an outspoken critic of theSoviet Union and communism and helped to raise global awareness of its Gulagforced labor camp system. He was allowed to publish only one work in the SovietUnion, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), in the periodical NovyMir. After this he had to publish in the West, most notably Cancer Ward (1968),August 1914 (1971), and The Gulag Archipelago (1973). Solzhenitsyn was awardedthe 1970 Nobel Prize in Literature for the ethical force with which he haspursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature. Solzhenitsyn wasafraid to go to Stockholm to receive his award for fear that he would not beallowed to reenter. He was eventually expelled from the Soviet Union in 1974,but returned to Russia in 1994 after the state's dissolution. February 1945,while serving in East Prussia, Solzhenitsyn was arrested by SMERSH for writingderogatory comments in private letters to a friend, Nikolai Vitkevich, aboutthe conduct of the war by Joseph Stalin, whom he called Khozyain (the boss),and Balabos (Yiddish rendering of Hebrew baal ha-bayit for master of the house.Also he had talks with the same friend about the need of a new organisationagainst the Soviet regime.

At the ageof 89, Solzhenitsyn died of heart failure near Moscow on 3 August 2008,. Aburial service was held at Donskoy Monastery, Moscow, on Wednesday, 6 August 2008.He was buried the same day in the monastery in a spot he had chosen. Russianand world leaders paid tribute to Solzhenitsyn following his death.

 

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